Shell’s not so beautiful relationship

By now, not much that oil companies say or do to profit off outdated fuel sources surprises me. But even if they aren’t surprising, it is still entertaining to watch just how wrong they can get it.  

Around the world, renewables are pushing fossil fuels out of the mix faster than most thought possible. And while our projections for an Energy Revolution were pretty close, we had no way of knowing how companies like Shell would react once they got nervous. One thing is for sure, in this case it is tragically funny. Have a look at Shell’s recent attempt at winning us over, called La Belle Relation (The Beautiful Relation).

Shell’s youtube description reads: “Renewable energy needs the perfect partner. See why the reliable and predictable natural gas can be one half of that beautiful relationship #makethefuture”

Fortunately, the global movement of folks saying #ShellNo is growing and includes some really talented people that recognize an opportunity for parody when they see it. Have a look at this response from some creative climate activists.

Thanks to the folks that created La Belle Solution (A Beautiful Solution) for showing us what a relationship between renewables and fossil fuels really looks like!

Jess Miller is the Managing Editor for the Americas at Greenpeace.

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In 3 steps, here is what Paris can do – and what we need to do afterwards

The last few weeks have seen the best and the worst in terms of climate change.

Victories which pundits told us for years were “impossible” have been coming at a breathtaking pace. Coal demand is in terminal decline worldwide, after a dramatic – if not completechange of course in China. Oil is also in trouble, with Shell and Statoil retreating from the Alaskan Arctic, President Obama rejecting the Keystone XL pipeline and Alberta putting a cap on tar sands oil. Meanwhile, cities and companies are signing up for a 100% renewable future. Many communities hit by extreme weather are rebuilding sustainably and hundreds of thousands worldwide are building people power to push forward with climate action now – and in the future.

GP0STPCHHGreenpeace at Lowlands Festival in NetherlandsFor the last few years, Greenpeace has joined the Lowlands Festival in the Netherlands. This year, the subject is the Climate Campaign, the stand is set up in cooperation with Oxfam Novib. The message is: "LOVE THE CLIMATE > ACT ON CLIMATE CHANGE > GO TO PARIS!" Visitors can relax at the stand, get information about the campaigns, especially about the United Nation COP21 summit in Paris in December 2015.21 Aug, 2015 © JOOST RENTEMA / Greenpeace

At the same time the news is getting worse. This year will be the hottest year in recorded history. And Indonesia´s forest fires were a massive blow for climate action, emitting more than the entire United States of America – a powerful reminder of just how fast hard-won emission reductions can be jeoparized by greed. Also, despite the climate movement´s recent victories, too often polluters are still dictating policy in North and South. The energy revolution, which is now inevitable, is not going as fast as it needs to, if we’re to keep our climate safe.

The meaning of this year´s climate negotiations has been changed by the recent attacks in Paris, the host city. In response to these terrible crimes, the climate marches around the world this weekend are not just a call to action, but an expression of our shared humanity. Governments must hear this call and make the climate negotiations demonstrate that human cooperation can solve our common problems.

In order to do that, the Paris climate conference must be a starting point for faster and more decisive climate action. As Greenpeace, we have three key criteria that governments must meet:

1. Does the Paris climate agreement send a signal that the age of fossil fuels is over?

The world of energy is changing quickly. Governments in Paris must solidify the direction towards renewables that the world is already on, and state clearly that fossil fuels must be completely phased out by 2050. We need a just transition to a world run on 100% renewable energy for all; a world where workers, our health and our children win. This signal must be clear. It must not be stymied by delays. Therefore, we will ask:

2. Does the Paris climate agreement agree to soon – and continuously – improve national climate action?

We already know that the pledges governments are coming to Paris with are not good enough and will still lead to a very dangerous and destructive world (between 2.7 and 3.7 degrees warmer than in preindustrial times – the estimates vary). Governments and companies need to increase their ambition immediately after Paris. We simply cannot afford to be stuck with insufficient targets for the next 10-15 decisive years. The targets must be ramped up before the Paris agreement enters into force in 2020. And governments need to review and enhance their actions every five years after the Paris agreement comes into force in 2020.

3. Does the Paris climate agreement deliver global solidarity and ensure that polluters pay for the damage they cause?

Some impacts of climate change are with us already and we need sufficient and reliable funding and support for those affected. Greenpeace, for example, supports anchoring the “loss and damage mechanism” under the Paris Agreement, to help support the vulnerable. We expect governments to meet the growing adaptation needs. We will also continue to hold polluters accountable, as we are doing with our call on the Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines (CHR). We need the culpability of big fossil fuel companies for fuelling catastrophic climate change to be addressed.

If the three criteria above are met, we’ll take an important step towards a world in which energy is clean, cheap and accessible to all. A world where air and water will be cleaner and where global warming avoids truly hazardous temperatures.

GP0STPG1YCOP21 Quezon City MarchAround 15,000 Filipino Marchers set out a call for climate justice in behalf of vulnerable nations like the Philippines, and demand a strong, fair and ambitious global climate agreement ahead of the international UN climate talks that will start on November 30.28 Nov, 2015

But even if governments take us this one step forward in Paris, it is still only one step. We are the ones that have to keep marching to get us to where we need to go. We need to keep up the pressure in the months and years after the Paris summit. The race between renewables and climate change will only be won if we keep winning like we have been doing on Keystone, coal and the Arctic. We must continue to build our power as a climate movement worldwide in 2016. This is how we force politicians across the globe to end the fossil fuel era and deliver a decent environment for all.

Are you in?

 

Daniel Mittler is the Political Director of Greenpeace International

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Diwali shines light on growing global interest on Indian LED market

Awareness and adoption of LED lights is on the rise as a variety of decorative LED lighting options were seen in city markets during Diwali. With the number of LED bulbs distributed under the Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) crossing the 2-crore mark and generating annual savings of over Rs 1,000 crore, the festive season has pointed out bright prospects for the lighting sector. 

India has always been a lucrative market for the global LED players. Not only were overseas products seen flooding the markets this festive season but a large number of LED technology manufacturers from Asia eyeing the Indian market are set to come together to showcase LED and OLED solutions to the b2b and b2g sectors at the LED Expo trade fair this December.

More than 250 exhibitors from India and abroad are set to bring to Pragati Maidan, New Delhi their latest innovations in the field of LEDs from 3 – 5 December 2015.The exhibition space which has been completely booked two months before its schedule marks an increase in the number of exhibitors as well as exhibition space. Out of the 250+ exhibiting companies, over 70 companies are from China while many of them represent Indian distributers of Chinese brands looking for buyers and agents in India for their cost-competitive solutions. Other participating countries besides India and China include Finland, Hongkong, Singapore, Taiwan, and the UAE. Together, the exhibitors will cover high-quality solutions for architectural, automotive, residential, commercial, street lighting as well as decorative landscape and garden lighting.

For more information about the event, please visit www.theledexpo.com

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Gunshot Detection for Lighting Fixtures

The proposed exclusive arrangement intends to add real-time gunfire detection from ShotSpotter to GE’s Intelligent Environments for Cities solution, which features software and sensor-enabled LED lighting powered by Predix™—GE’s cloud-based platform for the Industrial Internet—to help cities realize potential opportunities for reducing cost, optimizing operations and creating value.

How It Will Work
Communities most affected by gunfire are least likely to call it in.  It is estimated that 1 in 10 shooting incidents are reported to 9-1-1*, and when calls do come in, the information is often inaccurate.

Through its proprietary acoustic sensors and enterprise-grade software, ShotSpotter detects and locates gunfire in real time. Alerts are then broadcast to 9-1-1 dispatch centers, patrol cars and even smart phones, with the precise location, number of rounds fired, multiple or single shooters, and other valuable situational intelligence. These alerts enable first responders to get on scene quickly and safely in order to aid victims, collect evidence and quickly apprehend offenders.

ShotSpotter is already driving meaningful outcomes in cities today. Embedding the technology in GE’s Intelligent Environments for Cities solution will take its benefits one step further by building into a city’s existing infrastructure and by leveraging the GE Predix cloud. With ShotSpotter sensors embedded into lighting fixtures throughout a city, much broader coverage areas will be available on a cost-affordable basis.

“We’ve entered an era where lighting is so much more than illumination,” says Rick Freeman, Global Product General Manager, Intelligent Devices, GE Lighting. “The ecosystem we are building with our Intelligent Environments for Cities solution is transforming street lighting into the analytical brain of urban life, and this MOU with ShotSpotter gives one more option for cities to unlock new potential benefits for their city teams and their residents.”

“ShotSpotter is a proven tool in helping cities across the country address chronic gun violence issues,” says Ralph A. Clark, President and CEO of SST, Inc. “This partnership with GE will accelerate the adoption of this technology in other cities by integrating our solution into existing infrastructure in a more comprehensive way.”

 

Additional Intelligent Environments for Cities Benefits
In addition to the MOU with ShotSpotter, the future potential opportunities within GE’s Intelligent Environments for Cities solution are nearly endless. For instance, parking downtown may be a pain, but not in the intelligent city of the future. Networked LED street lights will have the ability to direct drivers to available spaces with the help of built-in sensors and wireless transceivers. The same streetlight could serve as a sensor and give warnings in the event of severe weather or other event or help manage traffic and offer residents a faster route home.

To learn more about GE Lighting’s Intelligent Environments for Cities solution, visit http://ift.tt/1G7l28d.  To learn more about ShotSpotter, visit www.shotspotter.com.

About GE Lighting
GE Lighting is changing the way people light and think about their world in commercial, industrial, municipal and residential settings. Light brightens our path to a better way of being. Today, light is intelligent. Light listens, learns and sees. GE. Where Light Is Bright. www.gelighting.com.

About GE
GE (NYSE: GE) is the world’s Digital Industrial Company, transforming industry with software-defined machines and solutions that are connected, responsive and predictive. GE is organized around a global exchange of knowledge, the “GE Store,” through which each business shares and accesses the same technology, markets, structure and intellect. Each invention further fuels innovation and application across our industrial sectors. With people, services, technology and scale, GE delivers better outcomes for customers by speaking the language of industry. www.ge.com

About ShotSpotter
ShotSpotter Flex helps local law enforcement agencies by directing police to the precise location of illegal gunfire incidents enabling first responders to aid victims, collect evidence and quickly apprehend armed, dangerous offenders. The ShotSpotter actionable intelligence can then be used to prevent future crimes by positioning law enforcement when and where gun crime is likely to occur. With ShotSpotter Flex, police now possess a scientific barometer of success since smart policing leads to fewer shootings.

About SST, Inc.
SST, Inc. is the global leader in gunfire detection and location technology, providing the most trusted, scalable and reliable gunfire alert and analysis solutions available today. SST’s ShotSpotter Flex™ is the leading gunfire alert and analysis solution for detecting gunshots and providing critical intelligence to give law enforcement agencies the detailed real-time data needed to investigate, analyze and prosecute gun related crimes. SST’s ShotSpotter SiteSecure provides critical indoor/outdoor infrastructure protection against active shooter attacks. The company’s deep domain experience, intellectual property, including 33 issued patents, along with cumulative agency best practice experience, enables measurable outcomes that contribute to reducing gun violence. SST is a proven solution provider with more than 90 installations across the United States and the world. Privately held, the company holds numerous patents resulting from nearly two decades of innovation in the area of acoustic gunshot location technology. Details can be found at www.ShotSpotter.com. Details about our US and foreign patents can be found at http://ift.tt/1MGOHES.

* 2013 SST Inc., National Gunfire Index


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Interview with Nick Farraway, Vice President EMEA at Cree

LED professional: Mr. Farraway you just started as a vice president for Cree, EMEA. What are your 3 to 5 year goals for the EMEA market?

Mr. Farraway: Cree is a major player in the US market so in total we’re over a billion dollars and approaching a billion dollars in lighting products in the USA. So the first task, really, is to try to emulate a lot of that success in the Europe and Middle East regions. In order for us to do that we need to take a lot of the products that we’ve been selling in the USA and modify or alter them so that they’re suitable for the European market. Then we need to bring them into the European market.

We can take the business and grow it by the geographic markets that we address and also the application segments that we address.  Now, if you want me to put it into three or five year chunks it’s a little bit harder for me to do because we haven’t really sat down yet and said, “These are the geographies that we’re going to address and these are the products and application segments that we’re going to address.” But really, in three to five years we would want to be a major player in the European market as we are currently in the US market.

LED professional: Are you applying the same global strategy for the EMEA market? Will you cover everything from the component to the finished product?

Mr. Farraway: Well, I look after the fixtures business rather than the semi-conductos business so Cree’s overall strategy, worldwide, remains the same. The overall strategies and objectives of bringing better light to the market – the overall objective of making any legacy light source redundant, replacing it with LED solution, remain the same. When you think about the European market or the EMEA market, we’re starting at a much smaller place than Cree are currently in North America. So, although we will adopt the same overall strategies, the implementation will have to be specifically for the European market. The whole distribution model is quite different in North America than the distribution model here in Europe and there is a lot more use of independent agents, for example. Although we’re doing that in a number of markets in Europe it’s not the traditional way of going to market. In answer to your question, the overall strategy is the same but local implementation will be slightly different to make it more appropriate for the European market rather than the North American market.

LED professional: How exactly will you be changing your products?

Mr. Farraway: Well, the core technology will remain the same – we have some fantastic technology – we pride ourselves in what we call “vertical innovation”. We innovate from the very beginning of the creation of the die all the way through to the light chip to the fixture and then the finished product. But the overall technology will stay the same. So we will still use our nano-technology and we’ll still use our smart cars technology and all of these things.  But when you get down to a product level, depending upon the application segment, there are often particular standards requirements on a country-by-country basis here in Europe. For example, we need a CE marked product and the US needs an UL marked product. They have 120 volt system and we have a 230 volt system. Now in the US, custom and practice, in general, is the same across the US because it’s one market – but if you’re trying to sell a street light, for example, here in Europe, the requirements of the Italian market or the Spanish market are completely different to the requirements of the UK market. There are a lot of local variances that we have to accommodate.  Now, at the moment, a lot of what we do is to take that US product and modify it to be suitable for central Europe. Going forward, the proposal from me would be to start to design those products in the very first instance to be global products with variants that are suitable for the US market, the Asian market, and the European market.

LED professional: Where do you see the challenges on the EMEA market?

Mr. Farraway: Challenges come from different directions. Of course there’s the whole internal challenge of that product diversification and Europeanization that we have to have and then there’s the internal challenge of “how do we take that product portfolio to market by application and by geography?”  So we need to establish a challenge strategy that is going to work for us in terms of our product and our application strategy. And externally, of course, we have a number of competitors – existing legacy competitors – some of whom are adopting LED technology far better than others and are very successful. And those that aren’t very successful are creating space and opportunity within the market place for entrants like Cree to come in and take advantage of.  But we’re not the only new entrant. The market has been fragmented – there’s a great deal of discontinuity caused by the LED revolution and this results in a lot of Asian businesses and American businesses coming in. Compared to five or ten years ago the market vista – the competitive vision is very different to what it was.  It’s very challenging because there’s a wealth of competitors that we’ve never heard of before and new ones coming up every day combined with all those long term competitors who have already got a great deal of history and momentum in the market place.

LED professional: Technologies are changing fast. How will Cree’s portfolio be adapted to the client’s technology requirements and needs?

Mr. Farraway:  There are a couple of areas of interest here. The first one is that Cree is the only major lighting supplier that designs, develops and produces the die, the wafer, the light-emitting chip and then we incorporate it into a fixture of our own design- our own manufacture – and then we market that product. So we’re the only people that are vertically integrated. Nobody else on the market place is – with one small exception that I’m aware of. The term vertical invasion comes from our products! At every stage we’re trying to innovate and improve the overall performance of the product. So the final product that the customer buys is optimized in every way with the light chip that we produced in the first instance in the die.  The whole product integrity and optimization is better than anybody else’s. We don’t buy dies or chips from one place, optics from another, a heatsink from a third and hobble it together as a product and offer it to the market. We design the complete product. And we design it from first principles. We understand the application – the end user application – and then we say ‘ok, for this end user application we need a product that has a light distribution of x and y number of lumens. We therefore need a fixture that does this and a light chip that does that.’ And then we work backwards and produce the component parts that we need to give us the product. So we’re very highly optimized to meet the end-user’s needs.

LED professional: Where is that going, going forward?

Mr. Farraway: There are two issues here. The first thing is that in the LED industry there has been a rush in the lighting industry to adopt LEDs and therefore people have lost a lot of their focus on the real specifications of the product. It’s been the case of find me an LED that does the job and I’ll buy it. And there are lots of products out there which are LED variants of existing technology products. But it’s not a very good product. It’s an LED but it’s not very good. It doesn’t have the glare control or the cut-off angles or the performance of the historic products. It’s just been a price fight and availability argument. And price is just a race to the bottom.  But what I think is going to happen over the next year or so is that as those price points start to bottom out, the specifiers and the lighting designers and the end users can start to bring their focus back to the true performance of the product and how it meets their needs to meet the needs of their application.

So in shop lighting are you getting good vertical illumination and good contrast ratios? Are we getting color rendering? Do we create the sense of drama that we need to have there? In industrial areas are we getting good quality longevity, low running costs, low cost of ownership through life? Are we getting the right kind of light in the aisles in warehouses? And I think that we’ve lost sight of that a lot in the last four or five years and it’s going to come back.

So I think that’s great for the end user and I think that’s great for companies like Cree because suddenly we’re going to be selling the products again for its performance and its features and benefits rather than “We have an LED version, it’s available and it’s cheap.”  I think that’s where we’ve been to a greater extent for the last four or five years.

LED professional: And what are the main technologies you’re focusing on now? Where are you doing the most research?

Mr. Farraway: Well, obviously a lot of that is confidential but in general we’re driving the performance at a chip level. We’re driving the performance of the chip to get better efficacy – as is everybody. We’re trying to get better quality of light. We’re all about quality of light. We believe in the simple term of “better lighting”.  And that means whiter, better color rendering and we’re driving to have warm color products. In outdoor lighting everybody has moved to 4000 to 6000 kelvin products because it’s efficient. We want to give you that efficiency at 3000 kelvin so you can have nice warm light in an outdoor environment.

We’re also looking at optical technology. We consider ourselves to be very capable in terms of optical design and with our nano-optics technology – that’s a big thing for us. And then a lot of people are talking about the Internet of Things or Lighting 3.0. You know I’ve seen a number of things here with 3.0. At Cree we talk about Cree 3 which is about intelligent lighting. I won’t use the term controls because we don’t see it as controls; we see it as the ability to be able to dispense with the need for controls. So we have truly stand-alone, independent, intelligent lighting. It knows where it is, can communicate with each other, senses the usage of the application and adapts itself to work. So you fit it, and then it works. We’re marketing those products in the USA and obviously we want to bring that to the European market. That’s probably more of a mid-term plan for us here because we’ve got a lot of other things to do first to get us into the conventional market as it exists now.

LED professional: You told us about connectivity. Is there anything specific that you are doing in the direction of Human Centric Lighting?

Farraway: Yes, it comes back to a couple of comments that I’ve made already: We basically believe in the simple term of better lighting which is about Human Centric or making it a much more comfortable environment. We want our customer’s customers to walk into the environment and feel comfortable and natural – as if they were at home. We talk about this in terms of their retail experience. So we want 3000 kelvin lighting. We want over 90 CRI true white.  We want those things in there so it’s Human Centric in that regard. We’re looking at circadian rhythms and where that’s the appropriate technology we’ll be looking to incorporate that as well. But there’s still a lot of discussion about whether that is a real benefit or not.   It depends on the application whether it is or is not. We’re looking at that and then this whole thing about intelligence that we spoke about before – trying to make the light adapt to the application and the end-user’s use of the space. So it senses where it is, it senses what the usage is, what the ambient light levels are and what the presence is. It adapts itself to work for the human element – the human component. So yes – we’re looking into three or four different areas.

LED professional: What’s new here at the show?

Mr. Farraway: We’re introducing our high bay luminaire CXB and some waterproof products and linear fluorescent tubes and some true white MR16 halogen replacement lamps. And that’s a very early step of trying to come out of our current sweet spot – which is street lighting.  We’ve got some great street lighting products – we’re continuing to develop them and to expand those across Europe. But we do need to get into our other application segments. The industrial segment is an obvious parallel synergistic application to street lighting. You still need to talk about quality of product, long life, cost of ownership through life. And we can provide all those things. We use our optical controls to give us great distribution of light for warehouse aisle racking or big box retail – whatever we’re doing – so we’re moving into that. A number of our products are focused on our expansion into the industrial segment.  What you’re seeing from Cree at the moment is the movement away from just street lighting into the general, large area flood lighting and industrial applications. And we will continue to do that over the short term whilst discussing what application sections to go in to.

LED professional: What applications are you looking for?

Mr. Farraway: At the moment we’re very much focused on street lighting – so we’re moving from street lighting to flood lighting and industrial. Moving forward we’re looking at other segments such as commercial, commercial office, education, healthcare, retail. We can’t do all of those but on a country-by-country basis we can look at those and say ‘where can we bring innovation, differentiation, value to the market? Where is there a buoyant market?’ So for example, you would be silly to try and sell office lighting in a country like Spain at the moment because the market isn’t very buoyant. There’s not very much in commercial offices going on. But in the UK it might be a good opportunity for us. So you have to look at that type of thing. And retail lighting. The Italian market might be a great market for us. Or the UK market might be good. The Nordic markets – maybe not as good. We have to look at that kind of thing and figure out where the opportunities lie for Cree – given the technology and the product ranges that we have.

LED professional: Thank you for talking to us.

Mr. Farraway: Thank you.

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Regulatory Compliance Updates for the Lighting Industry

With the invention of new lighting technologies, national and international regulations and standards are changing constantly. A team of researchers at TÜV SÜD Product Service Division updates the Regulatory Compliances continuously to show the mandatory guidelines for the product developments in the lighting sector. This information helps product designers, developers and engineers to be aware of changes at an early stage.

Having the Regulatory Compliance Updates summarized in the LED professional Review saves time and effort. The magazine is published every second month and reaches lighting professionals on a global scale. Those who are interested in a free subscription to the magazine and newsletter can subscribe at the following link: http://ift.tt/1XgQkBo

About Luger Research e.U.

Luger Research, with its headquarters in Dornbirn, Austria, is a media, event and research organization that supports the global lighting industry with information about trends and technologies for future lighting solutions. The company was founded in 2001, with a focus on research and consulting. In 2006 the LED professional publications were added and finally, in 2011, the LED professional Symposium +Expo was introduced. Today Luger Research co-operates with multiple lighting organizations, scientific, event and media partners around the globe.

About TÜV SÜD Product Service Division

TÜV SÜD is a premium quality, safety, and sustainability solutions provider that specializes in testing, inspection, auditing, certification and training. Since 1866, the company has remained committed to its founding principle of protecting people, property and the environment from technology-related risks. Headquartered in Munich, Germany, TÜV SÜD is represented in more than 800 locations worldwide. TÜV SÜD operates globally with a team of more than 22,000 multi-disciplinary experts recognised as specialists in their respective fields. www.tuv-sud.com

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Cadmium-Free Quantum Dot Technology in LED Lighting

Quantum dots are fluorescent semiconductor nanoparticles typically between 10 to 100 atoms in diameter, which is about 1/1000th the width of a human hair.

When one of these particles is excited by an external light source, it absorbs the energy and re-emits the light in a different colour depending on the size of the particle. Therefore, by tuning the size of these particles, one is able to control the colour of light emitted to any colour in the spectrum.

Quantum dots are energy efficient, bright and versatile, making it a true platform technology with applications spanning from LCD displays, lighting to biomedical applications. Moreover, Nanoco’s innovative technology allows for the manufacture of highly efficient quantum dots that are completely cadmium and heavy-metal free.

Nanoco Group plc announced also it has signed a further follow-on joint development agreement with Osram, one of the world’s largest lighting companies, in connection with the use of Nanoco cadmium-free quantum dots in lighting.

Nanoco’s cadmium-free quantum dot technology has the potential to transform LEDs so that they more efficiently produce bright, warm light with the ability to accurately reproduce colors.

“We’re delighted to sign this latest joint development agreement with Osram and to continue this exciting work focused on creating LEDs with substantially improved color performance,” said Michael Edelman, CEO, Nanoco. “Lighting is a core target market for our cadmium-free quantum dot technology.”

Nanoco’s joint agreement with Osram has been in place since 2011 with the objective of delivering LED lighting with superior performance characteristics.  Much of the technical work to date has focused on encapsulating Nanoco’s cadmium-free quantum dots so they can withstand the operating conditions associated with LEDs. This latest, 12-month agreement with Osram will further that product development.

Key Properties of Quantum Dots

  • Very efficient materials
  • Narrow FWHMs (30nm-55nm typical)
  • No specific excitation source necessary
  • 100% RoHS compliant and Cadmium-free
  • Solution processing
  • Easy tuneable emission peak simply by controlling particle size
  • Not easily saturated by excitation
  • Wide range of wavelengths available

 

Applications

  • Restaurant & Hospitality
  • Retail
  • Museums & Art Galleries
  • Hospitals & Schools

 

ABOUT NANOCO

Nanoco (LSE: NANO) is a world leader in the development and production of cadmium-free quantum dots and other nano-materials for use in multiple applications including LCD displays, lighting, solar cells and bio-imaging. In the display market, it has an exclusive manufacturing and marketing licensing agreement with The Dow Chemical Company.

Nanoco was founded in 2001 and is headquartered in Manchester, UK. It has production facilities in Runcorn, UK, and a US subsidiary, Nanoco Inc, based in Concord, MA. Nanoco also has business development executives in Japan, Korea and Taiwan. Its technology is protected worldwide by a large and growing patent estate.

Nanoco is listed on the main market of the London Stock Exchange and trades under the ticker symbol NANO.  For further information please visit: www.nanocogroup.com.

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4 of ExxonMobil’s greatest climate denial hits

Exxon has known about the dangerous reality of climate change for decades.

In the last few months, exposé after exposé has uncovered how Exxon knew about the dangerous reality of climate change before the media, politicians and just about everyone else. But instead of doing the right thing, or even just sitting on its evidence, Exxon did something much more insidious. It tried to hide the truth from all of us. 

As we approach COP21, a global meeting to address the climate crisis, let’s take a look back on four examples of how far Exxon has gone to stop climate action:


1. That time Exxon learned in 1982 that climate change would lead to environmental catastrophe

As early as 1977, Exxon’s own scientists were researching human-caused global warming. Exxon dedicated a substantial research budget to studying carbon emissions, developed sophisticated models and published its findings in peer reviewed journals. By 1982, an internal company report told Exxon management “there are some potentially catastrophic events that must be considered… Once the effects are measurable, they might not be reversible.”

So Exxon knew. But instead of acting to protect the planet, Exxon acted to protect its profits. It spent the next three decades funding and spreading climate denial. Exxon funded groups like ALEC, the Heartland Institute and the Advancement of Sound Science Coalition — all of which ran successful public climate denial campaigns. The Advancement of Sound Science got its start challenging the dangers of secondhand smoke, so climate denialism wasn’t a big stretch. And ALEC — a climate-denying front group that peddles its pro-corporate legislation to US statehouses — spread misinformation so egregious that Shell’s investors forced the oil giant to cut ties.

Now, the catastrophic events Exxon predicted are here. But Exxon continues to fund climate denialism to this day.

Hurricane Sandy aftermath in New Jersey, USA. 30 Oct, 2012 © Greenpeace / Tim Aubry

2. That time Exxon paid for a PR strategy to convince the world climate change wasn’t real

Of course, Exxon isn’t alone in funding and spreading climate denialism. In 1988, Exxon joined a group of fossil fuel companies and industry front groups organised by the American Petroleum Institute to create the Global Climate Science Communications Plan. The group spent $2 million dollars on a plan to get the average citizens and the media to “‘understand‘ (recognise) uncertainties” in climate science and for these uncertainties become part of the “‘conventional wisdom.’” That “uncertainty” set the planet back decades in terms of climate change policy — and it’s one reason people who don’t believe in science can run for president in the United States.

3. That time ExxonMobil got the US to withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol

For decades, Mobil — and then ExxonMobil — ran a weekly “advertorial” on the opinion page of the New York Times. After the 2000 election, these advertorials practically became a guidebook for the new Bush administration.

In January 2001, an Exxon advertorial called the Kyoto Protocol “unrealistic” and “economically damaging” because of its “fundamental flaws.” When President Bush gave his now-infamous June 2001 speech on climate change, he echoed Exxon — calling the policy “unrealistic”, “fatally flawed in fundamental ways” and said it would have had a “negative economic impact.”

The harm this caused to the planet is undeniable.

 Sandbagging action against Mobil in New Zealand during a global warming protest. 12 Jun, 2001 © Greenpeace / Mark Coot

4. That time Exxon called the current New York Attorney General investigation into its deception a “distraction”

 “I really don’t want this to be a distraction.” That’s ExxonMobil CEO Rex Tillerson talking about the New York Attorney General’s investigation into Exxon’s “possible climate change lies”. Then there’s Exxon flack Dick Keil, calling Senator Sheldon Whitehouse’s suggestion that Exxon be investigated for corruption “complete bullshit.”

Tillerson sounds a lot like Tony “I’d like my life back” Hayward in the midst of the BP Deepwater Horizon spill. We can all sympathise with beleaguered CEOs in the middle of a corporate PR disaster, but the Exxon investigation is more than a distraction. The Attorney General is looking into Exxon’s history of misleading statements on climate change, to investors and to the public. California and the Philippines might be next, and the public is clamouring for a federal Department of Justice investigation. Rex Tillerson and Dick Keil might be in denial, but Exxon’s woes aren’t going anywhere.

Typhoon survivors and civil society groups in the Philippines, delivered a complaint to the Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines (CHR), calling for an investigation into the responsibility of big fossil fuel companies for fueling catastrophic climate change that is resulting in human rights violations. 22 Sep, 2015 © Vincent Go / Greenpeace

The truth is that ExxonMobil and other fossil fuel companies fuelled climate debate for years knowing the harm it was causing. Join us and support an investigation into Exxon and other Big Oil companies now.

Naomi Ages is a Climate Liability Campaigner at Greenpeace USA

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Could you go a year without buying new clothes?

The last time I bought something new to wear was July 2014: it was a pretty blue dress for my graduation. Since then, every piece of clothing that found it’s way into my closet has been bought second-hand, inherited or borrowed.

Swearing off shopping altogether might sound impressive, bordering on the self-righteous, but it’s really not. A large part of why I stopped buying new clothes was out of laziness, not just for the environmental high ground (although it does feel pretty great). You might say, “I could never do that”, but it’s much easier than it sounds!

Every purchase you make has implications far beyond your closet. Once you make that realisation it’s easy to consider never buying something new again. But of course, it’s a big leap from consideration to quitting consumerism all together, one that just isn’t possible for everyone.

Disposable fashion has made itself incredibly convenient, even addictive. But over-consumption fuels a toxic supply chain and stuffs landfill sites with impulse buys. We need to demand less from retailers, not more.

There are currently 31 items of clothing in my wardrobe, not including underwear. I am clearly not a minimalist, but I can still describe every piece of clothing that I own. Some I’ve had for years, and they’re still totally wearable, like the summer dress I bought for a picnic in 2010, or the sparkly disco shorts I’ve worn on innumerable nights out.

Fashion changes, but style doesn’t. I dare you to find me one old piece of clothing you own that couldn’t be restyled or altered to look great now. While it goes against the fast changing fashion world, it doesn’t matter; my old clothes suit me. I’ve been wearing them for so long that they’re part of who I am. 

clothes 1. Photo by Chiara MilfordKnits – inherited, thrift shop. Shirts – boyfriend’s own. Dresses – borrowed or several years old. Skirts – second-hand. Jeans – ancient. Tops – roommate’s, swapped, old. Outerwear – found, flea market. Shoes – second-hand, reheeled.

Fix up and look sharp

You probably shouldn’t be taking fashion advice from me; I’ve been wearing the same jeans since I was 18.

Not all of us are lucky enough to be the same size we were years ago though. But professionally altering your jeans costs about the same as buying a brand new pair, and they can be tailored to fit you perfectly, rather than the arbitrary sizes by shopping off the rack.

My clothes are old – they show the marks of the stories they’ve lived: buttons are missing and there are irremovable stains and holes everywhere. But if Kanye West can go out in a holey t-shirt, then so can I. Or I try to fix them. Upcycling is slow-fashion’s new buzzword and it’s helping to reform the industry for the better.

clothes 2. Photo by Chiara Milford#ImKeepingThis – My favourite skirt has four holes in it. Some I’ve tried sewing up, the others I just let hang.

Thrift-shopping

Thanks to the rise of the hipster, vintage is growing astronomically. Historically the reserve of the older generation, second-hand shops, flea markets and thrift stores are now full of young fashionistas trying to find something cool. 

It helps that dressing like an 80-year-old seems to be back in style. The other day my friend commented that I look like “Hermione’s grandma”, which is not a bad thing when you’re wearing an oversized camel coat (€8 from Amsterdam’s Ij-Hallen flea market) and a hat you found on the floor of a bus. Style is about what makes you feel good. Look weird: you don’t need to blend in.

I’m lucky enough to live in Berlin, where there are flea markets every other day and second-hand clothing is easy to come by, but for those who don’t have the luxury of four different thrift stores in walking distance, there are lots of online communities where people trade vintage clothes.

Pros:

  • It’s cheap!
  • You’re automatically hip.
  • You get to say the sentence “Thanks! It’s vintage.” whenever someone compliments your dress.

Cons:  

  • You can’t always get what you want (but when can you ever? Disposable fashion is dictated by mass popularity, not necessarily by what’s fashionable).
  • It’s rare that you’ll find exactly what you’re looking for so don’t go along with a vision in mind. Be open to finding something totally different.

clothes 3. Photo by Chiara Milford#OOTD the statement summer skirt, brought to you by a second-hand store, teamed with an old pair of shoes.

SWAP team

Fashion recycles. A few years ago it was the 60s, now the 70s is seeing a revival. Current fashion trends revolve wearing exclusive, original clothes and looking a bit like your parents did when they were younger (plus iPhone). The best way to get this look is with authentic old clothes, and where better to get them than from someone who lived it?

If everyone shared their clothes with another person, we’d need to produce half as many clothes.

I have “accidentally borrowed” about a fifth of the clothes I now call mine: somehow I’ve acquired my boyfriend’s ex-girlfriend’s jumper, his sister’s black top, some of his shirts, my mum’s old scarf and a couple of hats too.

clothes 4. Photo by Chiara MilfordLet’s hope they don’t ask for any of it back… #ImKeepingThis

I don’t necessarily recommend that method, but there are a bunch of social media groups and some wonderful websites dedicated to giving away and swapping your old stuff with other people.

Certain items are totally impossible to source second-hand – I draw the line at buying used underwear, but there are still options that don’t involve throw-away fashion. Set your own goals, find what’s right for you. Fashion has never been about what everyone is wearing. It’s about feeling amazing in your clothes, be they riddled with holes, six years old or a golden thrift store find.

Maybe you’ll reduce the amount of new clothes you buy, or maybe you’ll bite the bullet and vow to make everything yourself. Start small: this Black Friday, just buy nothing. 

Chiara Milford is a freelance writer living in Berlin. She tries to live an environmentally friendly existence.

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Tech-Talks BREGENZ – Andreas Weisl, SSC Europe, Vice-President

LED professional: Thank you very much for visiting Bregenz for this Tech-Talk. Even though Seoul Semiconductor (SSC) is a well known company in the field of SSL, could you please share a few important milestones of the company?

Mr. Weisl: SSC’s history can be divided into roughly three phases since our CEO, Mr. Lee, assumed office. The years 1992 to 2001 were the years spent establishing the company in the Korean marketplace. By the end of this period, SSC had reached the number 1 LED manufacturer position in Korea. The years between 2002 and 2013 saw SSC developing towards becoming a global player in the lighting field. The current phase, from 2014 to 2019, is, and will be dominated by the goal of becoming the world market leader as an LED component manufacturer and supplier.

Currently, SSC is number 6 in the global LED manufacturers’ ranking with a revenue of USD 940M last year. If we exclude the captive market revenues from the top 5 LED suppliers, SSC is #2 for white LED products. With more than 10,000 listed patents and cross license agreements with global key players, in the areas of design, material and manufacturing methods, SSC was the only LED component manufacturer to be selected in the 2012 and 2013 Semiconductor Manufacturing Patent Power Ranking by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). The cooperations with the Solid State Lighting and Energy Center (SSLEC) of the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) and with SETI, a company working in the field of UV LEDs and which our subsidiary Seoul Viosys has recently secured the executive management share from, are important strategic partnerships for future developments. Prof. Nakamura from the UCSB and SSC have been engaged in joint R&D for over 10 years.

LED professional: Your total production packaging capacity is 1.8B pieces per month which is a huge number but a necessity for the economy of scale. On the other hand the price reductions over the past years have been tremendous as well, haven’t they?

Mr. Weisl: Due to market shifts there are overcapacities available in production. But the massive price-reduction was not expected in such huge dimensions. A main driver for the price degradations is caused by governmental subsidies in Asia. We are well prepared for the upcoming market consolidation. Factors such as cost optimization, a lean organization and especially new competitive technologies will help us to overcome these tough times. For the further development of the company our goal is to at least double our market share from today’s 6-8% to 15% within the next years.

LED professional: Heavy investments are necessary in production to reach the market goals. On the other hand, you’re confronted with declining prices. Are there other instruments that can help the industry and SSC in this situation?

Mr. Weisl: The IP portfolio is an important factor for further growth. More and more we see that LED chip producers – tier 1 manufacturers – are approaching module or lamp manufacturers when they use LEDs which are not free-to-operate from the patent point of view. For example, a leading US LED manufacturer went to court against a big US luminary manufacturer last year due to a patent infringement of their Asian LED supplier. We also filed a patent infringement lawsuit against a U.S. manufacturer one year ago. In July, the court finally issued the judgment in favor of Seoul Semiconductor. So, in fact, the companies who invested huge amounts of money in the development of LEDs are now starting to protect themselves by approaching tier 3 manufacturers, for example. IP-safety is a key topic for the years to come and a strong IP portfolio is getting more and more important. SSC invests around 10% of the annual revenue into global R&D activities.

LED professional: One technology which is always a topic of discussion is GaN-on-GaN technology or nPola technology as SSC calls it. What can you tell us about the nPola technology?

Mr. Weisl: The key point is that this technology can increase the light output by a factor of 5-10 using the same chip size as for conventional LEDs and still keep the high efficacy. In other words, we could reduce the chip size by a factor of 5-10 and generate the same light output as from conventional LEDs. At the moment the substrate is still expensive and that’s why we didn’t launch a product for mass applications yet. The technology shows much better droop behaviour and is ideally applicable for higher currents. Applications for spotlighting, wave-guides or automotive lighting would gain a lot from it. In general, the manufacturing costs will have to come down. The nPola technology is a future trend, especially for high-performance light sources, and that’s why SSC is also doing research in this area.

LED professional: But that’s not for mass production, is it?

Mr. Weisl: We do see three different strategic options for further developments in Solid- State-Lighting. Option 1 is the cost strategy, option 2 the elimination of additional drivers and option 3 the quality strategy. The nPola technology fits into option 3 for higher CRIs and “better white colors”. But also for combined technologies for UV light sources. In a second step it will also fit to option 1 because 5-10 times more light output with the same chip size as conventional LEDs will result in cost reductions as soon as substrate costs decrease.

LED professional: How does SSC strategically position itself in the value chain?

Mr. Weisl: We are a producer of chips, packaged LEDs and LED modules. We don’t sell light engines but mainly customized modules. Our customers still have to look after the right optical solution and the thermal design by themselves. We are decidedly not making moves towards integration for retrofits and luminaires and competing with our clients. SSC is one of only two LED manufacturers who are sticking to the pure component and module business. We see this as a necessity in order to make our clients successful by supporting them on an engineering level. This was especially needed with our Acrich product line.

LED professional: How does this support work?

Mr. Weisl: We have built up so-called small R&D labs in Munich, Shanghai, Tokyo and Atlanta. These labs support application and design – especially for custom-specific product designs. They are equipped with modern measurement, design and layout tools which can be used for Acrich or DC system developments. Originally these labs where driven by the support demand of the Acrich product segment.

LED professional: Let’s look at the market portfolio. What are the different market segments that SSC delivers its products to?

Mr. Weisl: We have a strong presence in three major segments; namely Lighting, BLU & Mobile, and Automotive. Actually, the BLU & Mobile part covers roughly 50% of our business while Lighting and Automotive are the strong growing areas. In Europe only the Lighting and Automotive segments are relevant markets. The lighting portfolio covers high and mid-power, COBs, high voltage and AC technologies. The AC business has been growing significantly and already represents one fourth of our lighting business.

In the automotive market, we also focus on white LEDs and offer products specially developed for automotive applications. Although our automotive business is still second to the lighting business in terms of revenue distribution, we see high potential in this segment. Currently in Europe, automotive accounts for 20% of our revenue with a strong indication that its share will increase in the future. Nevertheless, the main part of our business will still be dedicated to general lighting, which is forecasted to have the biggest growth rate. Globally, LED based luminaires count for about 5% and are expected to have very high growth rates that will increase them to 70% within the next few years.

The global automotive lighting market is about 1.6B USD and the exterior lighting segment is about 1B USD. It has surpassed the interior part since 2013. The daytime running lights and the headlamps will count for about 50% of the exterior part during the next years. That’s exactly the domain on which SSC is focusing. An interesting trend is the fact that LEDs for automotive lighting applications are more and more differentiated from the general lighting products. So very specific automotive LED solutions are necessary to fulfill the requirements of the automotive market.

LED professional: What are the core technologies at SSC now?

Mr. Weisl: Latest key technologies are our Acrich technology for AC & DC solutions and the NewGen, which is our package-less LED technology, as well as the module business including smart lighting capabilities.

LED professional: If we take a closer look at the Acrich technology, what are the latest developments?

Mr. Weisl: The Acrich3 IC solution is based on a four-step bank switch technology which increases the forward voltage in steps, allowing for a quicker turn-on time and a better match of the current to the voltage wave form. The base-technology are MJT chips but combined with an intelligent driving-IC for those 4 channels. This solution generates non-noticeable flicker and is suitable for most general lighting applications, even for street lighting. For very sensitive applications, parallel capacitors can smooth out the flickering even more. For dimming applications, the Acrich3 driver IC has an additional 0-2 V analog dimming input and an additional power source for external sensors.

With this approach, systems from 4 to 200 watts can be realized, reaching power-factor values of over 0.97, which also stays nearly constant over the full dimming range. The system’s performance ranges up to 130 lm/W on a lighting system level. But taking into consideration that the driver electronics is responsible for about 50% of all light source failures, the Acrich3 system is very reliable since it has no driver at all. Acrich3 was introduced to the market at the end of last year but developments are continuing for AC LED technologies. A DoE report especially highlighted the necessity of going in these directions when looking at future trends.

LED professional: What about Acrich3 and smart lighting technologies?

Mr. Weisl: For Bluetooth, ZigBee and WiFi, there are special interface modules for Acrich3, including sensors, available. The problem is that there is no standard dominating the field yet but we’re offering networking solutions for all major controls. Our design support helps to develop and create so-called reference designs and then it’s up to the client if he’s going to produce and source the module himself or if SSC delivers the module through one of our certified production suppliers, guaranteeing SSC quality performance. For the smart lighting technologies, as well as the production partners, we can access a high-quality standard process line and partners.

LED professional: Is this a kind of a new business approach for the lighting industry?

Mr. Weisl: Price degradations, shorter development cycles, short time-to-market periods and high flexibility does make the business quite difficult. The luminary companies have built up SSL knowledge in-house but they are trying to focus on their core-competences. Solid partners, such as SSC have to ensure IP-save, high-quality and reliable solutions for the OEMs.

LED professional: SSC is exhibiting at the LpS 2015. What can visitors to Bregenz expect to see from your portfolio?

Mr. Weisl: This year we will have a double role. First of all, we’ll have a booth in the exhibition area, and secondly we will be presenting the Acrich-based luminaires from our “Out of Bounds Design Contest” in the entry area. In this case our focus will positively be on Acrich.

At our booth, besides showing the Acrich products for indoor and outdoor lighting, we will also be presenting the smart lighting capabilities of this technology. In addition to that, we will be showing components for outdoor lighting and a preview of products that will be launched soon. Products like the NewGen, our package-less LED. In the foyer visitors will be able to see what is possible with Acrich when they look at the 17 luminaire prototypes designed by students of the University of Applied Sciences Munich. In a four month long study project, the goal was to develop luminaires that clearly show the advantages of Acrich technology. The project was a complete success and the variety of high quality lighting designs was extremely impressive. As part of the exhibition, we are also taking part in the “Design meets Technology” day. The official award presentation ceremony will also be a part of the program as will be viewing the exhibits. Visitors will have a chance to talk directly with the students about their creations and our staff will be on-hand to explain the technical details.

LED professional: What was your motivation to initiate the Design Contest with Prof. Peter Naumann and the University of Applied Sciences Munich?

Mr. Weisl: Some customers are still sceptical of AC driven LED solutions and overlook the potential benefits that this new technology can offer them. They often do not realize that this technology has been further developed over the past one to two years and that a lot of progress has been made. After many years of development and optimization, AC LED solutions are ready for general lighting both from a technical point of view as well as a design point of view. The decisive advantage is the absence of a converter. Complete new design possibilities open up because the converter no longer has to be considered during the design process. There have also been a lot of improvements on the technical side.

By engaging with young, creative students who have no limits and could work unreservedly with this technology, we wanted to provide a platform to demonstrate what great solutions can be realized with the design freedom enabled by Acrich. By doing so, it was our goal to show established lighting manufacturers what excellent designs can be achieved with new technologies like AC-LED technology, and that in reality the barriers are not as high as the perception today.

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