We are turning our oceans into plastic soup. It’s been estimated recently that about EIGHT MILLION TONNES of plastic ends up in the ocean each year.
Plastic can be amazing. But when it’s reduced to disposable, throwaway items, there’s a big problem – there simply is no ‘away’ to throw it to. And plastic hangs around for a very, very long time. A lot of plastic rubbish finds its way into the ocean. Most of that you will never see, as it’s broken down into tiny particles. But these ‘microplastics’ have been finding their way into ocean food chains for a long time, and now they are starting to turn up in the fish you eat, and in the sea salt you sprinkle on your chips. Bigger bits of plastic meanwhile are eaten by seabirds, fish, turtles and whales, which die with stomachs full of plastic, assuming they’ve not been unlucky enough to get ensnared and killed by plastic before then.
There are some massive solutions needed, but the most important one is obviously for less plastic to be thrown away in the first place. And that’s something we can all help with. Every bit of plastic not used, not thrown away, or not left lying around is a good thing. The simple idea here is ‘Reduce, Reuse, Recycle’ – in that order. Sure we’ve heard it hundreds of times, but it’s never more true than it is with plastics.
But since it’s the season for New Year Resolutions, here’s a quick list of 5 things you can do to help make the problem of plastic less drastic.
1. SAY NO TO SINGLE USE PLASTICS
2. AVOID MICROBEADS
It’s pretty unbelievable, but the same plastic used to make carrier bags is found as tiny microbeads in cosmetics. This ends up down the drain, and in the ocean. It’s madness, and corporates and governments at last seem to be waking up to that – but check before you buy!
I’m not going to tell you not to litter, because that’s obvious – right? But if you do use plastic a) buy stuff that’s already recycled, and b) recycle it afterwards. If you’re local area doesn’t have recycling facilities – then do feel free to go kick up a stink about it.
4. DO A BEACH CLEAN
The fresh air is good for you. And every bit of plastic removed from the beach is a good thing, and might mean one less dead seabird or turtle too. You can find out more here, or just do your own plastic pick up, even if you only have a couple of minutes.
5. CONVINCE A FRIEND OR FAMILY MEMBER TO DO ALL OF THIS TOO
There’s a good chance you’re already doing this stuff. But don’t stop there. Less plastic and less waste is good news for all of us, and the planet, so spread the word!
Willie Mackenzie is part of the biodiversity team at Greenpeace UK
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