This blog on President Obama’s climate legacy comes to Making Waves via Greenpeace USA:
On Tuesday, President Obama announced a great initiative to increase the affordability of solar power in communities across the country. This is part of the White House’s plan to increase the installation of climate-friendly energy sources while recognizing the country has serious challenges when it comes to environmental justice.
Every community deserves clean air and clean power. And if it can produce that electricity on its own, that’s community empowerment for the climate.
And last week, the president announced a national target for renewable energy, coinciding with his previously announced 2030 climate pollution goal. Indeed, reducing climate pollution requires a rapid and exponential replacement of fossil fuels with renewable energy sources. The president’s goal is that 20 percent of electricity generated in 2030 will come from renewables (excluding large hydroelectric). At first, it might sound ambitious. It is, after all, about twice what the president’s own Department of Energy predicts. However, DOE’s energy outlook is just further evidence that President Obama seems to be starting with a cynical perspective of what is achievable with renewables in a very short time.
The Obama renewables goal is less than one-third of what we can and must achieve.
The Obama administration should be lauded for acknowledging that communities can be empowered through growth in renewables. However, to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, we need paradigm-shifting leadership, not baby steps in the right direction.
Why We Need (And Can Achieve) Bigger Goals for Renewables
Greenpeace has been producing renewable energy scenarios for several years, predicting the continued growth of solar and wind energy much better than almost anyone else. Our scenarios have even turned out to be too conservative—wind and solar are growing faster than nearly everyone expected.
Greenpeace research finds that the U.S. renewable goal for 2030 could be that almost 65% of electricity generation come from non-hydro renewables. Twenty percent in that time period is simply not enough.
And this is more than possible: by 2030, wind alone could provide 30 percent of total generation and solar PV could provide 23 percent. That’s already 53 percent without considering other renewable sources like geothermal.
Our renewable energy goals strive to keep the planet from becoming more than 2 degrees Celsius warmer, the limit scientists agree could avoid the worst impacts of climate change. The United States committed to this 2-degree goal—along with every other country—at U.N. climate negotiations in 2010. President Obama has affirmed his commitment again and again, even if his weak policies seem to indicate abandoning this goal.
It’s great that we don’t have to tell President Obama that coal-fired power is bad for the climate, or that electricity from fossil fuels tends to be pushed by monopoly utilities like Duke Energy that have corrupted local politics to maintain their influence. President Obama seems to understand that community rooftop solar isn’t just modern, it’s about empowering people.
However, the tepidness of his national targets indicate he doesn’t fully grasp the timeline of catastrophic climate change. The president has either ignored or doesn’t agree with the timeline scientists say is needed for action. Certainly, we aren’t seeing radical action to cut out fossil fuels entirely, even though the president has said that “we’re not going to be able to burn it all.”
A Closer Look at the President’s Climate Legacy
President Obama’s climate legacy will come down to a simple equation—his efforts to reduce climate pollution minus his actions that increase it. There is so much bold action the President could take on climate as the chief executive of taxpayer-owned fossil fuels and federal policy on fossil fuel supply. But this President is doing the opposite of what he should.
People won’t forget what the Obama administration did to push climate polluting fossil fuels—whether it’s permits to extract oil for the first time in the Arctic Ocean, expanded offshore drilling to include almost every coast, expanded coal extraction in Wyoming and Montana, fracking on public lands, new export terminals for coal and gas, new international oil pipelines, or the efforts of his administration to push U.S. coal, oil and gas on other countries.
But people may forget weak renewable energy targets. That is, unless it’s in the context of how little they did to avoid worsening climate impacts in the next two decades. Superstorm Sandy is on the hands of past leaders, but future extreme weather events will be the legacy of current leaders.
We don’t need baby steps toward the now obvious climate chasm—we need a pole vaulting president. While the President Obama’s efforts to empower people in their energy choices deserve honorable mention, his meek renewables targets fall short.
Kyle Ash is the Senior Legislative Representative at Greenpeace USA.
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