Two-Switch Flyback Solution for LED Street Lighting

Two-switch quasi-resonant flyback topology
The two switching devices configuration virtually eliminates the loss in the clamping circuit. In addition, quasi-resonant switching feature of FL6300A effectively reduces the switching losses and enables high efficiency. Fig. 1 shows simplified schematic of the proposed two-switch quasi-resonant flyback converter. FL7930B is critical conduction mode PFC controller. FL6300A is quasi-resonant PWM controller. FAN7382 is high-side driver to drive two high and low side MOSFETs. The latest 600V, 385mOhm super-junction MOSFET in D-PAK is applied to both PFC switch and flyback switches. The conventional single switch flyback converter typically uses RCD clamping circuit that converts the energy of leakage inductance into heat dissipation. Two-switch flyback topology recycles the leakage inductance energy to the input side and the maximum voltage of MOSFET is clamped to the input voltage. Limiting the maximum voltage of MOSFET to the input voltage is a big benefit to reliability. In single switch flyback converter, the maximum peak voltage of MOSFET is very difficult to control. It is a function of leakage inductance and MOSFET current, and often exceeds the voltage rating of MOSFET resulting in breakdown of the MOSFET during fault conditions such as output short or overload. Clamping the maximum MOSFET voltage also allows large transformer turns ratio without increasing power dissipation in the clamping circuit and enables lower voltage stress in the secondary-side rectifier.

Figure 1-Two-switch flyback solution for LED street lightingFigure 1: Schematic of proposed converter

Design and evaluation
The target specification of two-switch quasi-resonant flyback converter for LED street lighting application is listed below. It should cover wide input voltage range and achieve high efficiency. The power rating is selected as 120W since it is typical requirement in LED street lighting. Another design target is removing bulky heatsink everywhere possible. All power devices are in surface mount type package such as D-PAK or D2-PAK.

Input Voltage Range

90VAC~277VAC

Input Voltage Frequency

47Hz~63Hz

Rated Output Power

120W

Rated Output Voltage

49V

Rated Output Current

2.50A

Table 1: Design specification

The minimum switching frequency is set to 45kHz. To have some margin, design is done for DC input voltage range from 300V to 430V. The maximum on duty for MOSFET is set to 0.45 for 300V input voltage considering drain-source falling time. This guarantees proper reset of the magnetizing current and MOSFET is turned on after drain-source voltage drops to input voltage.

Formula 1-Two-switch flyback solution for LED

Figure 2 shows efficiency measurement result according to input voltage and power MOSFET technology. Each MOSFET is the best Rds(on) device in D-PAK; 600mOhm with SuperFETÒ technology and 385mOhm with SupreMOSÒ technology. The SupreMOS MOSFET enables great improvement in system efficiency thanks to its smaller switching loss and less stored energy in output capacitance. The gain in efficiency with SupreMOS MOSFET is at least 2% over entire input voltage range.

Figure 2-Two-switch flyback solution for LED street lightingFigure 2: System efficiency

Device operating temperature is measured using thermal imaging camera. Since surface mount devices without heatsink are used it is important to make sure operating temperature is within acceptable range. All power devices are well managed below 70degC at 90V input voltage condition as shown in Fig. 3.

Figure 3-Two-switch flyback solution for LED street lightingFigure 3: Device temperature at 90VAC input condition

Conclusion
Two-switch quasi-resonant flyback converter is proposed as LED street lighting solution and the performance is verified through typical design example fitted to target application. This topology is less sensitive to the transformer tolerance and gate drive timing, and allows robust and reliable power supply design as well. With all these benefits, two-switch quasi-resonant flyback converter could be an attractive alternative to sophisticated LLC resonant converter in LED lighting area.

via LED-professional http://www.led-professional.com/resources-1/articles/wo-switch-flyback-solution-for-led-street-lighting

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